E. coli or Escherichia coli is one of the naturally occurring bacteria inside the intestines that helps digest food.
But there are certain strains of the bacterium that are harmful to the body and cause bacterial infections. These are often found on vegetables or in some types of meat.
The E. coli bacterium is part of the enterobacteriaceae family and constitutes 80% of the aerobic flora of the digestive tract. Normally, it is part of the bacteria that are found in the body and do not cause infections, ie do not cause disease.
Most strains of this bacterium are harmless, but there are exceptions.
How is E. coli transmitted?
The E. coli bacterium is present in the body from the first days of life. Contamination with dangerous strains is made by direct contact with biological products that contain it: feces, water, food, etc.
Transmission is done from human to human when the basic hygiene conditions are not respected. For example, when you shake hands with someone infected, who did not wash their hands properly.
What are the symptoms of E. coli infection?
When the body becomes infected with dangerous strains of E.coli bacteria, they pass through the intestine into the bloodstream and cause infections. Infections can be asymptomatic. Some of the infected can contract bacteria and can only be carriers, without manifesting the disease. This means they can transmit bacteria further.
Symptoms begin to appear about 3-4 days after contacting her. When you are infected with E. coli you have the following symptoms:
- stomach cramps or pain around the navel (sensitivity to mild palpation);
- nausea and vomiting;
- diarrhea (sometimes with traces of blood).
What foods can be contaminated with E.coli?
One of the main ways of contamination remains food. There are a number of foods that are an increased risk factor for contracting strains of the bacterium that can cause infections. Among those you have to be careful and take care of them in the nutrition of children are:
- insufficient or insufficient cooked beef;
- raw milk or unpasteurized milk products;
- vegetables grown with organic fertilizer based on cow dung;
- food washed in contaminated water;
- unpasteurized fruit juice;
- improperly washed or washed vegetables and fruits, etc.
The pasteurization process is essential in destroying germs in food. Pasteurization is boiling food at a certain temperature in order to destroy living microorganisms. Foods that must be or contain pasteurized ingredients include: honey, cream, cheese, eggs, wine, honey, beer, canned goods.
How is E. coli treated?
The infection treats antibiotics because it is bacterial in nature. First, an antibiogram is done to find out which antibiotic is best suited for bacterial destruction. The therapy also includes regulating the level of fluids and minerals in the body. In complicated cases, dialysis or blood transfusions are used. But these are isolated cases.
Attention, do not try outpatient therapy with drugs to relieve symptoms such as anti-diarrhea (it is important that the toxins be eliminated through feces) or produced on the basis of salicylates or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (it favors bleeding of the gastrointestinal tract).
Tags Bacterial infections Digestive diseases