How does autoimmune disease affect fertility?

How does autoimmune disease affect fertility?

Autoimmune diseases such as thyroid autoimmune diseases, celiac disease, type 1 diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease and psoriasis have been on the rise for the past 20 years.

According to several scientific studies, these diseases are related to the most common reproductive disorders: endometriosis, premature ovarian aging and idiopathic infertility, meaning infertility for which reason is unknown.

"Basically, an autoimmune disease is a problem with the immune system. Normally, the immune system acts as a protector against foreign carriers, such as microbes, bacteria and viruses, and its task is to attack these foreign invaders in order to keep us healthy, ”confirms Dr. Silviu Istoc, a specialist obstetrician- gynecology.

How does fertility affect you?

When someone has an autoimmune disorder, the immune system is weakened and begins to attack body parts, tissues and organs. As you might expect, this has a negative impact on fertility. In such a situation, the immune system can attack sperm and embryos, making pregnancy or conception very difficult.

"In addition, the immune system of a woman suffering from an autoimmune disease can also attack her own ovaries and cause premature aging of the ovaries. Basically, an organism that attacks its own tissues is not a receiving environment for fertility or pregnancy," affirms the gynecologist doctor Silviu Istoc.

There are several symptoms that indicate irregularities of the immune system, the most common being:

- poor digestion;

- recursive diseases

- skin irritation;

- blood sugar problems (such as hypoglycemia);

- allergies;

- extreme fatigue;

- muscle and joint pain and difficulty concentrating.

A Polish Endocrinology study has shown that celiac disease, when not properly treated, is associated with reproductive disorders, miscarriages and early menopause.

"There is a lot of research showing that a weakened immune system has a severe impact on a woman's ability to become pregnant. Also, in my office, I have met many women who face such a situation, because of their infertility. one of the autoimmune diseases, "says the gynecologist Dr. Silviu Istoc.

How can we keep the immune system under control?

"First of all, it is advisable to check thyroid hormones every year, this is in addition to the standard thyroid panel, which you get from blood tests, but also the so-called thyroid antibodies that need to be checked periodically, to exclude autoimmune thyroid disease Second, both glucose and hemoglobin should be tested to make sure you are not dealing with disorders related to the amount of blood sugar, such as type 1 diabetes or others, says gynecologist Dr. Silviu Istoc.

"Test your blood for antibodies to celiac disease. It is important to keep in mind that if you do not have these antibodies, you may still have a problem with gluten. The best way to determine if you have a problem with the consumption of gluten is to eliminate it completely from the diet for four weeks and then you can reintroduce it to see the differences ”, completes the gynecological doctor Silviu Istoc.

Lifestyle can control immunity

"It is advisable to eat foods that are dense and rich in organic antioxidants, nutrients and avoid processed, packaged foods, soy and gluten products. Make sure you eat a protein-based breakfast - with 20 to 30 grams of protein. protein - and protein-based snacks every two to three hours, "says gynecologist Dr. Silviu Istoc.

Give yourself time for rest every day, to adjust how you maintain your body. Make a list of the things you like best and relax and try to make time to apply them. Take a five-minute meditation break and play a breathing game to free yourself from negative energy, to lessen your stress.

"Probiotics are good bacteria in the digestive tract. Probiotic supplements help maintain the natural balance of good and bad bacteria in the body, improve digestion and stimulate the immune system. But before taking any kind of supplements, it is advisable to consult with a specialist, so that its effects will be beneficial for everything ", says the gynecological doctor Silviu Istoc.

Incorporate these tips into your daily life and you will begin to manage your immune system and improve your overall health and fertility.

Dr. Silviu Istoc is a specialist obstetrician-gynecologist at the Medicover Hospital, within the Department of Maternal-Fetal Medicine and Minimally Invasive Gynecological Surgery. You can read more details on and on the Facebook page: //

Tags Autoimmune diseases Fertility